Smart Growth Planning Topics
Smart growth concentrates new development and redevelopment in areas that have existing or planned infrastructure to avoid sprawl. Smart growth is sustainable and is characterized by compact, transit-oriented, bicycle-friendly land use, with neighborhood schools, walkable streets, mixed-use development and a wide range of housing choices. Its purpose is to conserve valuable natural resources through the efficient use of land, water and air; create a sense of community and place; expand transportation, employment, and housing choices; distribute the costs and benefits of development in an equitable manner; and promote public health.
Smart Growth has four straightforward goals:
- Support existing communities by targeting resources to support development in areas where infrastructure exists;
- Save our most valuable natural resources before they are forever lost;
- Save taxpayers from the high cost of building infrastructure to serve development that has spread far from our traditional population centers; and
- Provide Marylanders with a high quality of life, whether they choose to live in a rural community, suburb, small town, or city.
Since 1992 the State of Maryland has adopted a variety of Smart Growth laws and policies. Many of these laws and policies have been administered by the Maryland Department of Planning.
Smart Growth Legislation
- 2012 Sustainable Growth & Agricultural Preservation Act
- 2010 Sustainable Communities legislation
- 2009 Smart, Green & Growing legislation
- 2006 Planning legislation
- 1997 Priority Funding Areas Act
- 1992 Economic Growth, Resource Protection, and Planning Act